The concept of Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) was formalized under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process during the establishment of technology transfer framework in Conference of Parties (COP) 7 in Marrakesh. The TNA project aims to come up with a long-list of technology needs and priorities for climate change adaptation and mitigation. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) provided financial support to developing countries under UNFCCC with support from United Nations Environment and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as the implementing agencies .

The TNA is the process of developing technology action plan which constitutes the priority technology needs of the developing countries under the UNFCCC. This TNA may serve as basis in identifying programs and activities for national and local development planning. The result of the TNA and Technology Action Plans (TAP  report are important in communicating climate technology requirements to the global community for climate negotiations in the aspect of technology transfer and for accessing funds for the implementation of mitigation and adaptation activities.