A transition towards a low-carbon and climate-resilient economy will impact communities and societies in ways that potentially have positive and negative effects. The Paris Agreement on climate change recognize the need to address all these effects so that no one is left behind in the fight against climate change, noting “the imperatives of a just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs in accordance with nationally defined development priorities”.
Well managed, a just transition to a climate-resilient development pathway can become a strong driver for economic growth, job creation, job upgrading, poverty eradication, and social inclusion. Inversely, failing to address social impacts from economic and industrial restructuring could contribute to job losses, social exclusion and disruption on a massive scale.
In April 2016, the Philippine Green Jobs Act has been passed into law to scale up promotion of sustainable growth and decent job creation, while building resilience against impacts of climate change, by providing incentives to enterprises generating green jobs across all economic sectors. The Green Jobs Act, a pioneering approach in institutionalizing labour and employment dimensions in the policy framework for addressing climate change issues, provides for the development of the human capital to enable and sustain the transition to a greener economy.