At the United Nations climate change conference in Paris in December 2015, countries adopted the Paris Agreement that sets out a global action plan for limiting global warming to “well below 2 degrees C” and to pursue efforts to limit the increase even further to 1.5°C, starting 2020. The Agreement built upon the foundation of climate pledges from 187 countries, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Countries are expected to submit updated and more ambitious NDCs every five years which will become the main vehicle for illustrating a country’s strategic vision on climate change in the context of sustainable development.
The important challenge is transforming these NDCs into tangible actions that lead to long-term, zero-carbon and climate-resilient development. Countries like the Philippines will need sustained financial, capacity building and technical support to regularly prepare, implement and report on national actions under the Agreement and more specifically against NDC targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The NDC Support Programme of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has provided support for governments to achieve transformational change by using NDC implementation as a mechanism to scale up investments in climate change and deliver sustainable development. The Programme is being implemented in the country as the NDC Support Project for the Philippines (NSPP).
The NSPP is executed by the UNDP and implemented by the Climate Change Commission (CCC). It is being funded by the governments of Germany and Spain and the EU. Under the Programme, the UNDP is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships with IKI NDC Support Cluster, the NDC Partnership, the LEDS Global Partnership, and the Partnership on Transparency in the Paris Agreement. Following are the areas of support for NDC implementation:
Private sector engaged: Business can make its contributions to NDC implementation most effectively within a transparent and predictable policy framework that encourages competitive market-based options and innovations. The engagement of private entities is critical in ensuring that private incentives are fully aligned with a country’s sustainable development vision.