At the United Nations climate change conference in Paris in December 2015, countries adopted the Paris Agreement that sets out a global action plan for limiting global warming to “well below 2 degrees C” and to pursue efforts to limit the increase even further to 1.5°C, starting 2020. The Agreement built upon the foundation of climate pledges from 187 countries, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Countries are expected to submit updated and more ambitious NDCs every five years which will become the main vehicle for illustrating a country’s strategic vision on climate change in the context of sustainable development.

The important challenge is transforming these NDCs into tangible actions that lead to long-term, zero-carbon and climate-resilient development. Countries like the Philippines will need sustained financial, capacity building and technical support to regularly prepare, implement and report on national actions under the Agreement and more specifically against NDC targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. 

The NDC Support Programme of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has provided support for governments to achieve transformational change by using NDC implementation as a mechanism to scale up investments in climate change and deliver sustainable development. The Programme is being implemented in the country as the NDC Support Project for the Philippines (NSPP).

The NSPP is executed by the UNDP and implemented by the Climate Change Commission (CCC).  It is being funded by the governments of Germany and Spain and the EU.  Under the Programme, the UNDP is engaged in a range of strategic partnerships with IKI NDC Support Cluster, the NDC Partnership, the LEDS Global Partnership, and the Partnership on Transparency in the Paris Agreement. Following are the areas of support for NDC implementation:

    1. Mainstreaming gender in the NDC development processes;
    2. Developing NDC implementation plans and institutional structures to facilitate effective implementation;
    3. Strengthening measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) capacity and national data-sharing mechanisms to better analyze and communicate progress against NDC targets and mitigation actions;
    4. Aligning mitigation actions to NDCs in order to transform NDC targets into concrete actions and to increase ambition, as feasible; and
    5. Developing finance structures and enhancing private sector engagement in NDCs.
Drawing upon the global NDC Support Programme framework, the Project will pursue the following specific objectives:
  1. Integrated governance enhanced: This output will support the government to ensure it is “fit for purpose” for gender-responsive NDC implementation, recognizing the cross-cutting nature of climate change, which requires an integrated development response and increased multi-stakeholder ownership in finding solutions.
  2. Evidence-based planning, design and implementation of NDC actions: Under this output, line agencies in key sectors will be supported to translate NDC targets into achievable sectoral mitigation action plans and to design associated climate investment plans and/or financial strategies.
  3. Capacities developed to design climate-friendly investment opportunities: Under this output, the CCC will identify investment risks and barriers and address with gender-responsive policy and financial levers to scale up climate action and create livelihood opportunities and a more vibrant private sector, thus creating a stable investment environment.

Private sector engaged: Business can make its contributions to NDC implementation most effectively within a transparent and predictable policy framework that encourages competitive market-based options and innovations. The engagement of private entities is critical in ensuring that private incentives are fully aligned with a country’s sustainable development vision.