The World Bank, in 2013, conducted a Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR) in the Philippines to paint a picture of the Government’s capacity in responding to climate change. As ways forward, it was recommended that scaling up is done along the following pillars: (i) strengthen planning, execution, and financing framework for climate change, (ii) enhance leadership and accountability through M&E and reviews of policies and activities, and (iii) build capacity and manage change.
In response to this, the Department of Budget and Management, Department of the Interior and Local Government, and the Climate Change Commission led a fundamental reform in the budget process to mainstream climate change. Through DBM-CCC-DILG Joint Memorandum Circular 2015-01, local governments are to identify, prioritize, and tag programs, projects or activities (PPAs) that have climate adaptation or mitigation objectives using climate change typologies. These typologies classify PPAs according to their alignment to the National Climate Change Action Plan. The CCET serves as a tool for the CCC to monitoring the implementation of the NCCAP at the community level.
Information generated through the CCET provides the Government with details on the extent of climate action undertaken by local actors. It provides information on which sectors local governments focus their resources on and what general or specific actions they are undertaking. Through this, financing gaps are identified, that is to say, deficient sectors which require attention in terms of financing and urgency. With such, the Commission is supported with evidence to further facilitate the mobilization of existing climate financing schemes such as the People’s Survival Fund, DRRM fund, Green Climate Fund, or the Global Environment Facility, to name a few. This picture broadly contributes to the climate finance outlook for the Philippines in the coming decade.