Recognizing that the Philippines is one of the country’s most prone to climate and disaster risks, and in light of the recent findings of the IPCC 1.50C Special Report, there is a need for the country to systematically undertake anticipatory adaptation. This process can only be done if the risks are analyzed in a way that uncertainty is addressed and the results systematically translated to progressive risk management actions (Risk avoidance, risk reduction and addressing residual risks). Notably, the Philippines is among the first few countries to craft landmark legislation on climate change and disaster risk reduction (DRR), namely the Climate Change Act of 2009 (Republic Act or RA 9729) which was later amended by RA 10174, and the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 (RA 10121). Both laws provide for the development and institutionalization of a climate risk management framework, which will be the backbone of the climate actions for adaptation. The climate risk management framework is meant to influence outcomes in human safety, avoidance of economic losses, and optimization of development opportunities from identified constraints.
The National Climate Risk Management Framework and the Country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)
Noting that the NDC is expected to reflect both mitigation and adaptation strategies and plans of country Parties to the Paris Agreement and that mitigation will be clearly quantified, the CRMF, which is the focus of these consultations, is meant to complement the GHG mitigation quantification process so that in the end, the country can take stock of the net costs it sustains from both processes.
Relevance of the National Climate Risk Management Framework to the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP)
It is an opportune time for the National Climate Risk Management Framework to be produced as it can guide, the updating of the NCCAP. Systematically generated climate risk data should inform the adaptation portion of the NCCAP, resulting in the formulation of the appropriate Programs, Activities, and Projects (PAPs).
Community-level Risk Profiling
Climate risks should also inform not only the country’s national but also local development plans. The Climate and Disaster Risk Assessment (CDRA), which is meant to provide climate risk information, should serve as the anchor process for catalyzing community level climate risk profiling. As such, the CDRA and its outcome(s) are expected to be enhanced with the use of the CRMF, providing a more objective basis for the country’s planning, programming and regulatory processes, in so far as management of prospective impacts from climate change is concerned.